Most countries of the world use the international statistical system for recording diseases and problems related to public health – the international classification of diseases of the 10th revision (ICD-10).
The purpose of the ICD-10 is to create conditions for the systematic recording, analysis, interpretation and comparison of data on mortality and morbidity obtained in different countries or regions and at different times. The ICD is used to translate verbal clinical formulations of diagnoses of diseases and other health problems into alphanumeric codes that provide easy storage, retrieval, and analysis of data.
The creation of an international classification was required primarily to unify the available information. The treatment process should be recorded statistically. In order to translate diagnoses into statistical codes, the World Health Organization compared the results obtained in different countries and developed the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The first such document appeared at the beginning of the XIX century. The international classification is updated every ten years, the 10th revision of the classification is now in force.
It should be noted that all countries use the ICD-10 the same way. In the near future, the 11th revision of the ICD will be released but this is a fully electronic document which requires automation of all processes in medicine.
The latest edition of the classification is quite universal and is structured in such a way that its structure allows you to make additions without a complete revision of the document.
The ICD has become the international standard diagnostic classification for addressing epidemiological and health management problems. These tasks include the analysis of public health, monitoring the frequency and prevalence of diseases and other health problems, their relationship with various factors, including individual characteristics. The ICD is not intended and should not be used to resolve financial issues, such as determining the cost of medical care and reimbursement of medical organizations.
At this stage, the whole world medical community is faced with the task of improving the quality of ICD-10 use, raising the qualifications of personnel involved in coding diagnostic information, and introducing automated coding systems. These tasks are very relevant to the health care system.